In many ways, a conjugated antigen can be the solution to different problems arisen in a new IVD test development. A common problem caused by most of the surfaces is protein denaturation due to the relatively high surface by hydrophobicity. Additionally, there may be larger steric influence on binding events due to the close proximity of the surface and the sensor molecules. The specific orientation may also improve the stability of attached proteins and increase the sensitivity of the assay by exposure of its antigenic regions.
Conventional conjugation methods generally work well with antibodies; however, results with many antigens of less well-established structures are less constant. This is probably the main reason why double-antigen sandwich ELISAs (DAS-ELISA) are not as commonly used for antibody detection as indirect ELISA.
To circumvent the effect on antigenic structure caused by conventional chemical conjugation that could result in decrease in sensitivity of DAS-ELISAs, Rekom Biotech has developed a product line of biotinylated antigens, offering to our customers the possibility to buy their favourite antigen but conjugated in its C-terminus. This molecule allows the specific interaction of the biotinylated antigens to the streptavidin protein.
The extremely specific and high affinity binding of biotin by avidin and/or streptavidin (Kd ≈ 10-14M) results in specific detection systems of very high sensitivity. A clear advantage of this system is that with a common strep-HRP, we can obtain conjugated complex of all our references without the necessity of performing the peroxidation of each reference.
The biotin is fused to a linker which maintains the molecule away to the antigen surface, avoiding steric hindrance between the biotin and the antigenic regions involved in Ab-binding. Thus, the Ab interaction will not be compromised with the conjugation.
Figure 2. Interaction between an antigen (green) vs Fab region of an Ab (pink). In red are specified the amino acids that usually are used in conjugation procedures. Some of these amino acids are part of the epitope region of the antigen. The conjugation would interfere with the Ab-binding, decreasing the antigenic capacity of the antigen.
As there is just one biotin per protein molecule, our conjugated antigens will show a higher inter-lot reproducibility and this will facilitate the reproducibility of our customers´ IVD test also.
|Canine babesiosis (canine piroplasmosis)||BcMSA1||RAG0020
|Merozoite Surface Antigen|
|Recombinant chimeric antigen for Chagas detection|
|Recombinant chimeric antigen which contains several antigenic determinants for CMV|
|Recombinant chimeric antigen for CMV detection|
|DNA polymerase processivity subunit|
|Viral capsid antigen|
|Parasite kinesin-related antigen|
|Neospora caninum dense granule antigen GRA7|
|Recombinant chimeric antigen for Treponema pallidum|
|Timothy grass pollen (Phleum pratense)||Phl p 5a||RAL0003
|Wheat (Triticum aestivum)||Tri a 19||RAL0053
|Omega-5 gliadin, seed storage protein|