Allergy to dog epithelium (Canis familiaris) is an allergy caused by proteins found in animal dander. Contrary to what many people believe, the hair is not the cause of the allergy, but the dead scales of the skin. Although, any animal that has hair can cause this type of allergy. These particles can remain floating in the air for some time, and they adhere very easily to textiles. When inhaled, it causes allergic symptoms. In recent years, an increase in the prevalence of allergies to animals has been observed, since more and more people have pets at home. Allergies to animal epithelium are common especially among those who suffer from asthma or other allergies, approximately 30% of cases. Up to 9 specific dog allergens are known. Since all dogs produce one or more types of these proteins, there is no such thing as a "hypoallergenic" breed. However, not everyone is allergic to all of these allergens, so determining which proteins you are allergic to is very helpful in understanding the race or gender causing the reaction. The symptoms are rhinitis, conjunctivitis, asthma or contact urticaria. As a prevention it is recommended to avoid contact with dogs, but if this is not possible, avoid carpets and rugs, use vacuum cleaners with a HEPA filter, wash the animal weekly with products that prevent flaking, and avoid entering the animal in the allergic person's room.
At Rekom Biotech, we desing and manufacture IVD reagents for diagnosis of Dog epithelium allergy. Do not hesitate to contact us!