Peanut allergy is one of the most common food allergies today. It affects 1% of the population and is associated with the most fatal food-related anaphylactic reactions. This alimentary allergy develops early in life and persists in 80% of affected individuals through adulthood. The symptoms can be very varied, ranging from mild to severe, and can cause itching in the mouth and palate, hives, rhinitis, conjunctivitis and respiratory distress. Vomiting, abdominal pain, nausea and diarrhea may appear later. In the most severe cases it can cause anaphylaxis and, therefore, be fatal. As prevention it is recommended to avoid ingestion and contact with peanuts, carefully reading food labels. Studies affirm that consuming peanuts while breastfeeding could reduce the risk of allergy in the future.
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